Preventing coronavirus is a skill we have all tried to master in the previous months. At the same time all of us had to pay a toll for the effects of misleading information, changing government policies, closed schools and lockdowns. Therefore data backed coronavirus tips are more valuable than ever.
It is important to understand that knowledge about Covid-19 is the key to manage the pandemic successfully. A certain expertise is part of what is called Health Literacy. The OECD defines Health Literacy as an individual`s knowledge, motivation and skills to access, understand, evaluate and apply health information. But Health Literacy does not only help us to prevent coronavirus. It also teaches us the importance of self-care and self-responsibility.
We have gathered some interesting stats and facts that can help you and your family to prevent coronavirus and get a better understanding of what happens around you.
Lack of Health Literacy a Barrier to Prevent Coronavirus
- “The general adult skills surveys (Australia, Canada, United States) show between 36% and 60% of the adult population may have low Health Literacy levels.” (Source: read.oecd-ilibrary.org)
Why this matters: Low Healthy Literacy has already been a problem long before the pandemic started. Covid-19 reminds us to check our own.
- European Individuals find it especially difficult to access and understand health information (Source: read.oecd-ilibrary.org)
- 47% find it difficult to judge if information about illnesses in the media are reliable
- 41% find it difficult to judge advantages and disadvantages of different treatment options
- 37% find it difficult to evaluate of they need a second opinion from a doctor
- 32% find it difficult to find information on how to deal with stress and depression
- 31% percent find it difficult to evaluate which vaccines are needed
Why this matters: Those facts help us to check our own specific skills and remind us that others might face similar challenges.
- Because the quality of information on the Internet is of dubious worth, many patients seek out reliable expert sources. As per the American Medical Association (AMA) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) recommendations, readability of patient education materials should not exceed a sixth-grade reading level. The reason is that the average reading skill of U.S. adults is at the eighth-grade level. (Source: ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/)
Why this matters: Reminds us to be skeptical about the quality of online information and apply common sense.
- The single strongest effect on health literacy rates, regardless of education level, are achieved through daily
- reading of books,
(Source: read.oecd-ilibrary.org/Canadian Council on Learning, 2008)
Why this matters: reminds us of the importance of regular reading and gathering important health information.
- The odds of having an infectious complication within a month after an operation were 4.5 times higher in patients with low health literacy compared with patients whose health literacy was adequate. (Source: facs.org)
Why this matters: Health literacy is the single best predictor of an individual’s health status. (Source: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) Therefore we need it to prevent coronavirus.
Therefore the people most likely to have low health literacy include those dying in greater numbers from covid-19: older adults, racial and ethnic minorities, nonnative English speakers, and people with low income and education levels.
- Coronavirus-Related Health Literacy In Germany 15.2% of participants were found to have “inadequate health literacy”, 34.9% had “problematic health literacy”, and only 49.9% had “sufficient health literacy”. A total of 56.7% of the participants (n = 578) reported feeling confused by the variety of information on COVID-19. (Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/)
Why this matters: Reminds us of the importance to gather more specific knowledge about Covid-19
- TV (86%) and Family (81.15) are the main sources of pandemic-related health information for young people between 16-19 years.
58.6% also reported reading newspapers for information. Snapchat (59.8%) and Facebook (51.1%) were the most frequently used social media platforms. (Source: journals.plos.org)
Why this matters: Reminds parents of the importance to gather knowledge and share it with their teenagers.
- 72.3% of the girls and 66.7% of the boys between 16-19 years agreed or completely agreed that they washed their hands before socializing, 88.9% of the girls and 80.8% of the boys agreed or completely agreed that they washed their hands after socializing. (Source: journals.plos.org)
Why this matters: Tells us that we can trust our teenagers to take care of necessary Covid-19 precautions.
- 86.4% of young adults reported currently spending time with fewer friends than they normally would. (Source: journals.plos.org)
Why this matters: Reminds us that many young people do limit their social contacts to help the spread of the virus.
Statistics on Understanding the Risks of Covid-19 On Our Physical Health
- Among Covid 19 patients,
- 28.8% of the individuals exhibited ARDS Acute respiratory distress syndrome,
- 75.5% of them had double pneumonia,
- 20.4% exhibited unilateral pneumonia.
- 69.9% of the patient had occurring abnormalities consisted of ground-glass opacities
- Irregular lesions were found in 54.4%,
- thickening of the bronchovascular bundles was seen in 39.5% of the patients
- grid form shadow and hydrothorax were found in 24.4% and 18.5% of the individuals respectively.
- 31.2% of the patients complained of chest distress,
- 3.9% had Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) as a comorbid condition (Source: ncbi.nlm.nih.gov)
Why this matters: Explains the significant physical health effects Covid-19 can cause if one of us catches the virus. Motivates to be even more careful.
- Dying from Covid-19? Stats from an autopsy study of the first consecutive 80 cases in Hamburg, Germany – 38% of the deceased were overweight or obese. 40% of the cases had deep vein thrombosis.
All deceased, except for two women, in whom no significant pre-existing conditions were found autoptically, had relevant comorbidities (in descending order of frequency):
- (1) diseases of the cardiovascular system,
- (2) lung diseases,
- (3) central nervous system diseases,
- (4) kidney diseases, and
- (5) diabetes mellitus. (Source: ncbi.nlm.nih.gov)
Why this matters: tells us who has higher risks of dying of Covid-19.
- Possible Long Term Health Effects of Covid-19
- 40% of people recovering from SARS still had chronic fatigue symptoms 3.5 years after being diagnosed.
- 35% had not returned to their usual state of health when interviewed 2–3 weeks after testing
- Among those 18 to 34 years in good health, 20% (1 in 5) reported that some symptoms were prolonged. (Source: who.int)
Why this matters: Knowing that Covid-19 can have long term health effects motivates us to improve our protection.
A Word Form SimplesSavvySmart.com
Define your personal strategy on how to prevent coronavirus. Stay informed through accessing different sources:
Watch your mental health to stay strong. Have the courage to ask questions and use your common sense. You will love what you can be.